Goodman Gallery is pleased to present Cache, a new body of work by Kapwani Kiwanga. The exhibition marks Kiwanga’s first solo exhibition in the United Kingdom since her debut at South London Gallery in 2015. Considered one of the most acclaimed artists of her generation, Kiwanga was recently awarded the prestigious Prix Marcel Duchamp Prize for her sculptural series, Flowers for Africa.
For Cache, Kiwanga has created a series of formal sculptures and installations that continue her interrogation of history, power and resistance. By layering narratives and myths, Kiwanga considers how various natural materials become witnesses to history.
Kiwanga’s research-based practice is rooted in materials used to entrench social, political and economic power structures as well as the artefacts used by those who have learned to circumnavigate these obstacles. Explaining this further, the artist states:
“It’s never a purely aesthetic response that will lead me to choose a particular material. I select a material for a number of different reasons. Firstly, a material is of interest because of the historic, political or geological history it points to. Secondly, the ability of a material to open up other ways of understanding complex issues is something I trust in.”
A clear example of this process can be found in an arrangement of steel works covered in sisal, a golden spun fibre traditionally used for rope and twine. Kiwanga first encountered sisal travelling through rural Tanzania, a primary exporter of this particular flowering plant. Mesmerised by the crop’s “rhythmic rows” and high gold, or yellow colour, Kiwanga came to learn more about sisal
in relation to Tanzania’s political, economic and social history.
“The agave cactus was first brought illegally to Tanzania by German plantation owners who began to develop the crop on large scale,” Kiwanga explains in an interview from her new book published by Kunsthaus Pasquart. “At the time of Tanzanian independence, plantations that had once been privately owned were nationalised, in an attempt to assure Tanzania would be economically self-sufficient. Sisal was meant to play an economic role in the country becoming an independent socialist state. Ugamaa socialism failed, for many different reasons, but when the price of sisal plummeted on the world markets it contributed to this as it adversely affected prospects of financial resilience.”
Semence (2020) similarly brings a natural element to the fore in the form of rice grains. The work builds on Dutch researcher Tinde Van Andel study of the introduction of red rice into Suriname and Virginia, US, which has its roots in a grain brought from West Africa via the slave trade. The rice would have been integrated into clothing or braided into hair as a means for providing self-sufficiency in the eventuality that those brought over to the Americas would escape slavery. Kiwanga references this history,
replicating these rice grains in the form of tiny life-sized ceramic sculptures. For Semence, these are arranged side by side to make up a monumental five by five metre installation comprising 15 000 individual ceramic grains.
In a sequence of quilt works created out of cotton treated
with pigment and salt water from the Atlantic Ocean, Kiwanga extends the intangible components of her narrative compositions continuing her investigation into stories related to the transatlantic slave trade. For the artist the sea is itself an archive and witness of this violent past. The cloth works Triangulation: 1,2 and 3 (2021) combines and materializes her analysis of forced movement and liberatory strategies.
Kiwanga’s use of symbols on the textiles allude to the safe houses along the Underground Railroad which were often indicated by a quilt hanging from a clothesline or windowsill in order to help slaves to escape to Canada and freedom. These quilts were said to be embedded with a code, so that by reading the motifs sewn into the design, an enslaved person on the run could know the
area’s immediate dangers or even where to head next. The quilts are vehicles for the voices and footprints of people running for their lives, Harbour (2021) a quilt hanging with a black center is said to indicate a safe house. The quilts code could also be used as a compass and formed a signal for enslaved people to follow irections as they migrated north.
A series of wall works The worlds we tell: Nü Gua, Xevioso, Dojity and Micha (2021) comprising wood, ceramic, painted steel, and gold leaf materials sit at the junction of science and nature. In examining aesthetics and shifting perspectives in forms, Kiwanga considers how storytelling is used to form social and cultural structures. These works are typical of the research that goes into
each of the works included in Cache. Drawing on her background in anthropology, Kiwanga raises questions around knowledge construction and power asymmetries simultaneously creating structures of resistance through engaging alternative histories and highlighting the prevalence of fiction in hegemonic narratives.
Hans-Ulrich Obrist, artistic director of Serpentine Galleries
in London, attests to this, saying of Kiwanga: “Her incredible curiosity to connect disciplines, the link to Afrofuturism, sci-fi and anti-colonialism, yet at the same time the incredibly precise way of finding forms to channel these many fields seems always urgent and surprising.”
Kapwani Kiwanga (b. Hamilton, Canada) lives and works in Paris. Kiwanga studied Anthropology and Comparative Religion at McGill University in Montreal and Art at l’école des Beaux-Arts de Paris.
In 2020, Kiwanga received the Prix Marcel Duchamp (FR). She was also the winner of the Frieze Artist Award (USA) and the annual Sobey Art Award (CA) in 2018.
Solo exhibitions include Haus der Kunst, Munich (DE); Kunstinstituut Melly – Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam (NLD); Kunsthaus Pasquart, Biel/Bienne (CHE); MIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge (USA); Albertinum museum, Dresden (DE); Artpace, San Antonio (USA); Esker Foundation, Calgary (CA); Tramway, Glasgow International (UK); Power Plant, Toronto (CA); Logan Center for the Arts, Chicago (USA); South London Gallery, London (UK); and Jeu de Paume, Paris (FR) among others.
Selected group exhibitions include Whitechapel Gallery, London (UK); Serpentine Galleries, London (UK); Yuz Museum, Shanghai (CHN); MOT – Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo (JPN); Museum MMK für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (DE); Museum of African Contemporary Art Al
Maaden – MACAAL, Marrakech (MAR); National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (CA); Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston (USA); Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (USA); Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR); Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal (CA); ARoS Aarhus Art Museum, Aarhus (DK) and MACBA, Barcelona (ESP).
She is represented by galerie Poggi, Paris; Goodman Gallery, Johannesburg, Cape Town and London; galerie Tanja Wagner, Berlin.
Kapwani Kiwanga is a Franco-Canadian artist based in Paris. Kiwanga’s work traces the pervasive impact of power asymmetries by placing historic narratives in dialogue with contemporary realities, the archive, and tomorrow’s possibilities.
Her work is research-driven, instigated by marginalised or forgotten histories, and articulated across a range of materials and mediums including sculpture, installation, photography, video, and performance.
Kiwanga co-opts the canon; she turns systems of power back on themselves, in art and in parsing broader histories. In this manner Kiwanga has developed an aesthetic vocabulary that she described as “exit strategies,” works that invite one to see things from multiple perspectives so as to look differently at existing structures and find ways to navigate the future differently.