The Silence of Nduwayezu, 1997
One million slides, light table, magnifiers, illuminated wall text
Goodman Gallery London
14 November – 11 January 2020
Alfredo Jaar’s work represents one of the most developed commitments by a contemporary artist in the blatant embrace of the structural link between ethics and aesthetics, art and politics – Okwui Enwezor
Goodman Gallery London presents 25 Years Later, a selection of works from Alfredo Jaar’s The Rwanda Project, 1994-2000 in commemoration of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. The seminal series has been exhibited around the world, from Finland to Brazil, and now marks it’s UK debut.
The Chilean-born, New-York based artist, architect and filmmaker is one of the most uncompromising and compelling artists working today and an important artist of his generation dealing with issues around social justice.
Jaar has been working at the forefront of contemporary thinking concerning human rights violations, migration and political and social unrest for over thirty years. His practice responds to news stories around the world and asks viewers to reconsider the power of images through a renewed process of looking and absorbing.
In 1994, in the face of what he described as “the criminal, barbaric indifference of the so-called world community”, Jaar travelled to Rwanda to witness the horrific aftermath of one of history’s most violent conflicts. Three months prior, an estimated one million Rwandans had been systematically killed during one hundred days of civil unrest. The artist dedicated six years to this project in which he seeks to bring attention to personal stories to pay tribute to the victims of the genocide.
The centrepiece of the exhibition is an installation titled The Silence of Nduwayezu, which comprises one million slides featuring a pair of eyes in close-up. The eyes belong to Nduwayezu, a five year old Tutsi boy who Jaar met at a refugee camp in Rubavu. Like many Rwandan children, Nduwayezu had witnessed the killing of his own parents, a trauma so deep it affected his ability to speak.
“The installation tangibly represents the steadily escalating number of Tutsis killed in the massacre by showing one million identical slides of Nduwayezu’s eyes piled high on a giant light table. […] By borrowing Nduwayezu’s eyes and making them stare at us as if we were gazing in a mirror, Jaar reminds us of the silence of the international community – the absence of images – that exacerbated the calamity and consequences experienced by the people of Rwanda. […] The Silence of Nduwayezu fills the information void left by the silence of the international community, yet at the same time, it is also a meditative gesture, casting doubt on the ability of photographs to ever relay the enormity of raw human experience, or to make it part of the viewer’s world.”
The work Six Seconds shows a young girl in the Nyagazambu refugee camp, captured moments after she learned that her parents had been killed by the Hutu militia. Jaar’s encounter with the girl lasted just six seconds before she disappeared from view. For the artist, “the ‘out of focus’ quality of this image acts as a metaphor for my incapacity to represent a certain reality. In a way, I feel that every work of art about another subject is always out of focus.” Six Seconds is about the difficulties of representing trauma and inspiring empathy in a work of art. It relies on poetry and beauty to communicate loss and dignify its subject.
The film Embrace shows two children comforting each other while witnessing an episode beyond the frame of the image. Their body language suggests pain, solidarity and love – sentiments that the artist criticises the international community for failing to express.
We wish to inform you that we didn’t know is a three-channel installation based on a 1998 speech by Bill Clinton, the US the president at the time, at Kigali Airport in which he attempts to justify a passive international response and avoids using the term ‘genocide’ altogether.
This claim to ignorance is further addressed in Untitled (Newsweek), a selection of Newsweek Magazine covers published during the three-month period of the Rwandan Genocide. The covers show how domestic US news took precedence over mere mention of the human tragedy unfolding in Rwanda. Underneath the covers, the artist describes the parallel developments of the genocide and the inaction of the world’s leaders, and particularly the United Nations.
In Rwanda, 1994, a series of postcards of the United Nations in New York are intervened with LETRASET, calling further attention to the world’s lack of reaction to the genocide.
This exhibition is dedicated to Okwui Enwezor (1963-2019)
Over the course of his career, Alfredo Jaar has realised over seventy public interventions around the world and has participated in the Biennales of Venice (1986, 2007, 2009, 2013) and Sao Paulo (1987, 1989, 2010) as well as Documenta (1987, 2002). Jaar’s work can be found in collections of The Museum of Modern Art, New York; Tate, London, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; M+, Hong Kong, among others. In 2018, he received the Hiroshima Art Prize. As of September 2019, Jaar’s The Garden of Good and Evil has been placed on permanent display at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, United Kingdom.
1. Nyberg, Patrik (2015). ‘From repetition to duration – On the silence of Nduwayezu and the political aesthetics of Alfredo Jaar’ in Nyberg, Patrik and Vanhala, Jari-Pekka (ed.), Tonight No Poetry Will Serve, Helsinki: Museum of Contemporary Art, Kiasma, pp.237-241
Alfredo Jaar (b. 1956, Santiago, Chile) is an artist, architect, and filmmaker who lives and works in New York. He is known as one of the most uncompromising, compelling, and innovative artists working today.
Jaar’s work has been shown extensively around the world. He has participated in the Biennales of Venice (1986, 2007, 2009, 2013), Sao Paulo (1987, 1989, 2010) as well as Documenta in Kassel (1987, 2002).
Important individual exhibitions include The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York (1992); Whitechapel, London (1992); The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (1995); Moderna Museet, Stockholm (1994);The Museum of Contemporary Art, Rome (2005) and The Nederlands Fotomuseum (2019). Major recent surveys of his work have taken place at Musée des Beaux Arts, Lausanne (2007); Hangar Bicocca, Milan (2008); Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlinische Galerie and Neue Gesellschaft fur bildende Kunst e.V., Berlin (2012); Rencontres d’Arles (2013); KIASMA, Helsinki (2014); and Yorkshire Sculpture Park, UK (2017).
The artist has realised more than seventy public interventions around the world. Over sixty monographic publications have been published about his work. He became a Guggenheim Fellow in 1985 and a MacArthur Fellow in 2000. He was awarded the Hiroshima Art Prize in 2018.
His work can be found in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art and Guggenheim Museum, New York; Art Institute of Chicago and Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; MOCA and LACMA, Los Angeles; MASP, Museu de Arte de São Paulo; TATE, London; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Centro Reina Sofia, Madrid; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; MAXXI and MACRO, Rome; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlaebeck; Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art and Tokushima Modern Art Museum, Japan; M+, Hong Kong; and dozens of institutions and private collections worldwide.